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Harsukh Educational Charitable Society International Journal of Community Health and Medical Research

Volume 4 Issue 3 July -Sep 2018

Original Articles

Assessment of Immunization Status among Children Aged Between 1 Year to 12 Year Visited to Hospital
Kuldeep Singh Rajpoot, Lakhan Poswal , Chakshu Chaudhary

Background: Immunization has been observed one of the major and cost-effective public-health initiatives to reduce child morbidity and mortality. On an average three million children die each year due to a vaccine-preventable disease. According to recent study, approximately 34 million children are not immunized, out of them 98% of them are from developing countries. All of these deaths are considered preventable with proper vaccination coverage. The current study was conducted so as to assess the status of immunization and to mitigate the various factors responsible for the suboptimal coverage of immunization among admitted patients in our institution.Material and method: This 3 months study was conducted in the paediatric department of our medical college and hospital, which was approved by the ethics committee headed by the director of the institution. The study was conducted only on those patients who were stable and surpassed the acute phase of the illness. A total of 356 patients were selected for the analysis as study sample, within the age group of 1 year-12 years. Out of the 356 patients 112 were females and 244 were males.Result: On analysing the collected data from the study samples; out of the 356 patients, 244 were males and 112 were females. Here, 204 families were from below poverty line strata and rest 152 belonged to above poverty line strata. For 356 children 313 mothers (88%) were available as the respondent and in 35 cases (10%) it was only the father who was present as the respondent and merely 7 cases (2%) a family member was present to confirm the vaccine-immunization status of the patient. Interestingly only 199 out of the 356 children (56%) had any record of receiving BCG and three consecutive doses of DPT, Oral Polio Vaccine (OPV) and measles vaccine which were scheduled in the first year of life. Conclusion: Intensified efforts which focus on the least educated, and most deprived of any health facility should increase. By taking a more family centred and socially acceptable approach it should be made a priority that myths regarding immunisation should be removed and more participation in vaccination programs should be increased. Keywordds; immunisation, Intensified, vaccination

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