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Harsukh Educational Charitable Society International Journal of Community Health and Medical Research

Volume 6 Issue 1 Jan-March 2020

Original Articles

Assessment of incidence, etiology and demographic profile of condylar fractures: An observational study
Santosh Kumar, Sandeep Vaidya

Background: Condylar fractures lead to a multitude of problems such as malocclusion, particularly open bite, reduced posterior facial height and facial asymmetry in addition to chronic pain and mobility limitation. Hence; the present study was undertaken for assessing the incidence, etiology and demographic profile of condylar fractures. Materials & methods: Data records of a total of 432 patients with fracture of head and neck region were analysed. Out of these 432 patients, incidence of condylar fractures was analysed. Complete demographic and clinical details of all the patients were obtained from record files. Age and gender-wise distribution of all the patients was done. All the results were recorded in Microsoft excel sheet. Results: Overall, prevalence of condylar fractures was found to be 11.57 percent (50 patients). Among these patients, 40 percent of the patients belonged to the age group of 21 to 30 years. 86 percent of the patients were males while the remaining were females. In the present study, in 60 percent of the patients, etiologic profile was road traffic accidents. Significant results were obtained while evaluating the etiologic profile of patients and analysing the patients on the basis of gender. Conclusion: Road traffic accidents are the most common cause of condylar fractures with significantly higher prevalence among young males. Key words: Condylar, Fracture

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