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Harsukh Educational Charitable Society International Journal of Community Health and Medical Research

Volume 6 Issue 1 Jan-March 2020

Original Articles

Assessment of incidence of impacted canines in Kashmiri population: An observational study
Sumera Gul, Muneet Kapoor, Jahangir Dar, Samah Bashir

Background: Eruption of teeth is a complex process, therefore early, delayed or even failure of teeth eruption may occur. The timely intervention will prevent the consequent aesthetic, functional, and pathological complications arising from impacted canines. Hence; the present study was undertaken for assessing the incidence of impacted canines in Kashmiri population. Materials & methods: Data records of a total of 1500 patients were analysed in the present study. The study group comprised of analysis of radiographs and clinical records of all those patients who reported for dental treatment to the Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, Govt. Dental College & Hospital, Srinagar and in which radiographic records were available for assessment. Clinical findings were recorded from in separate data sheets. Radiographs were used for assessment of prevalence and pattern of impacted canines. All the results were recorded in Microsoft excel sheet and were analysed by SPSS software. Results: The overall prevalence of impacted canine was found to be 9.53 percent (143 patients). In 76.92 percent of the patients, impacted canines were unilateral while in 23.08 percent of the patients, they were bilateral. Palatal impaction of canine was more common, found to be present in 64.34 percent of the cases. Conclusion: There is higher predilection of palatal impacted canines. Adequate knowledge prevalence and pattern of canine impaction is essential before treating the patients for impacted canines. Key words: Canine, Impacted, Kashmiri

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