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Harsukh Educational Charitable Society International Journal of Community Health and Medical Research

Volume 5 Issue 4 Oct-Dec 2019

Original Articles

Assessment of risk factors of acute myocardial infarction among adults
Arshad Hussain Bhat

Coronary heart disease (CHD) has high morbidity and mortality rate in adults not only in India but worldwide. Myocardial infarction (MI) is the lethal manifestation of CHD and can present as sudden death. MI is mainly the disease of older individual, it can occur in also. Fortunately, its incidence is not common in patients younger than 45 years.1 The incidence of myocardial infarction (MI) in the world varies greatly. According to a Spanish study, the crude coronary heart disease (CHD) incidence rate was 300.6/100,000 person-years for men and 47.9/100,000 personyears for women.2 The incidence of MI in India is 64.37/1000 people in men aged 29-69 years, alcohol intake led to 30% lower CHD incidence. Smoking is known to cause arterial thrombosis and MI, and is known to cause endothelial dysfunction. More than 80% of the cases of cardiovascular disease are in developing countries however studies on risk factors are mostly conducted in developed countries.3 Hence, it is important to carry out relevant studies in a developing country such as ours, in order to study the risk factors and their influence. The association between substance abuse and CHD has been widely studied. Many such studies have shown that moderate alcohol intake reduces the risk of CHD and smoking increases it. Smoking, Obesity etc. are considered to be the risk factors for MI.4 The present study was conducted to assess risk factors of acute myocardial infarction among adults.

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