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Harsukh Educational Charitable Society International Journal of Community Health and Medical Research

Volume 5 Issue 4 Oct-Dec 2019

Original Articles

Evaluation of morphological variation in shape and size of scapulae

The scapulae are a pair of triangular, large, flat bones that are situated dorsally in the ribcage in relation with the second to seventh ribs.1 The scapula has three borders, three processes, and three angles. The Glenoid (Gk. Gléne “socket”) fossa is oriented at the lateral angle of the bone. Scapula a bone of shoulder girdle is among the interesting bones of our body because of variations present in it.2 Its lateral angle becomes truncated and broadened that bears the glenoid cavity which articulates with the head of the humerus in the shoulder joint. The glenoid cavity which is also known as the head of the scapula is connected with the head of the humerus to form shoulder joint.3 The exact dimensions of the scapula and its geometry, however , are of fundamental importance in the pathomechanics of rotator cuff disease, total shoulder arthroplasty and recurrent shoulder dislocation. Determination of sex using scapular measurements is very useful in medicolegal cases, natural disasters and in circumstances where other bones are fragmented or not available.4 Scapular measurements can be used for comparative anatomy, for surgical procedures and for manufacturing prosthesis. The dimensions of scapula are important in case of rotator cuff diseases, shoulder arthroplasty and in recurrent shoulder dislocation. Scapular indice is also useful to compare racial differences.5 The present study was conducted to evaluate scapulae.

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