Harsukh Educational Charitable Society International Journal of Community Health and Medical Research
Volume 4 Issue 4 Oct-Dec 2018
|A Comparative Study of Cardiac Autonomic Activity Indices among Reproductive and Menopausal Females of Western Rajasthan By CAN Win.|
|Richa Purohit, Kirti Goyal|
Background and Objectives:Menopause is defined as the cessation of menstrual periods..Hormonal changes after menopause bring alteration in tautonomic functions. So present study was aimed for evaluation of autonomic functions in premenopausal and postmenopausal women . Material and Methods:100 healthy women were divided into 2 groups-Control group A (Premenopausal) and Study group B (Postmenopausal).The parasympathetic function tests included the Heart rate response to standing (30:15 RATIO), Heart rate variation during deep breathing(E:I RATIO), Heart rate response to Valsalva Maneuver (VM RATIO) and the sympathetic function tests-Blood pressure response to the Isometric handgrip (DBPΔ) and the Blood pressure response to standing (SBPΔ) .Results:There is statistically significant decrease in 30:15 ratio, whereas the results of E:I ratio and Valsalva maneuver test did not show any significant result. The sympathetic function tests significantly increased in postmenopausal women when compared with premenopausal women. Conclusion:The parasympathetic activity was reduced and sympathetic activity was increased in postmenopausal women. Keywords: Menopause, 30:15 ratio, E:I ratio, VM ratio, Blood pressure response to the Isometric handgrip (DBPΔ) and the Blood pressure response to standing (SBPΔ).
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