Harsukh Educational Charitable Society International Journal of Community Health and Medical Research
Volume 4 Issue 3 July -Sep 2018
|Analogizing the Hormonal and Metabolic Effect on Periodontal Health After Non- Surgical Therapy Amongst Women|
Background: The effect of diabetes and hormones is well known on periodontitis. Female sex hormones cannot independently alter periodontal tissue, however influences reaction to plaque and thus circuitously plays role in periodontal disease. The present study evaluated the role of diabetes and menopause on the periodontal condition of the females after non-surgical therapy. Materials and methods: The study consisted of 80 females reporting with periodontal problems. The study was divided into four groups. The required periodontal indices were studied in all groups and the results were analyzed using SPSS software. Results: The mean baseline gingival index amongst Group A was 2.3 ± 0.98 and at 3 months was 0.9± 1.1. The mean baseline plaque index amongst Group B was 1.03±0.17 and at 3 months was 0.71±0.09. The periodontal indices showed improvement in all the four groups. The periodontal conditions were worse amongst post-menopausal diabetic females. Conclusion: All the groups showed considerable improvement after non- surgical therapy. The study emphasizes that irrespective of influence of female sex hormones and impaired metabolism, the periodontal index could be recuperated with noninvasive therapy and proper plaque control measures. Clinical Significance: Menopause and poorer glycemic control are accountable for changes in periodontium as they are responsible for altering inflammatory processes, thus deterioting periodontal health. The influence of metabolic disorders on periodontium can be reduced with non- surgical periodontal therapy.
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