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Harsukh Educational Charitable Society International Journal of Community Health and Medical Research

Volume 3 Issue 4 Oct - DEC 2017

Original Articles

To assess knowledge, attitude and practices regarding lifestyle risk factors in patients with hypertension, coming to Medicine O.P.D. at PIMS Jalandhar
Yash Mitra,Gurmeet Singh,Amarjit Vij

Background: Hypertension is the most prevalent chronic disease in India. All the risk factors of lifestyle like diet, physical inactivity, smoking, alcohol intake and stress are known to cause the early onset and rapid worsening of the Hypertension. Material and Methods: First 200 Hypertensive patients, coming randomly to Medicine OPD at PIMS Jalandhar were interviewed on pretested structured proforma and the results were analyzed statistically. Information regarding their knowledge about hypertension, its risk factors and prevention, their attitude towards prevention and their practices about control of hypertension were enumerated. Results: treatment and 30 were newly diagnosed. 159 (79.5%) patients had knowledge about hypertension and heard about high blood pressure and 169 (84.5%) knew about the preventive measures. Regarding attitude, 198 (99%) patients were ready to take preventive measures. In practice, 137(68.50%) patients were have decreased their salt intake and only 70 (35%) were doing physical activity.11 (5.5%) and 45 (22.5%) patients were consuming tobacco and alcohol in any form. Conclusion: Therefore its the need of the hour to increase awareness and generate motivation through extensive IEC campaigns to encourage communities to adopt a lifestyle with regular physical activity and free from harmful effects of alcohol and tobacco. Keywords: Hypertension, Risk Factors, Knowledge, Attitude, Practices

 
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