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Harsukh Educational Charitable Society International Journal of Community Health and Medical Research

Volume 3 Issue 3 July - Sep 2017

Original Articles

A Retrospective Study to analyze causative factors and type of injury in Road Traffic Accidents
Manoj Kumar

Introduction- Road traffic accidents (RTAs) is an issue of national concern, are the major cause of deaths all over the world. The present study aimed at determining various cause and types of injuries in RTA. Materials & Methods- The present retrospective study was performed in the department of community medicine. Information such as name, age, gender, type of injuries, alcohol consumption etc. was taken from hospital records. For assessing the site of injury, body was divided into regions such as thorax, abdomen, extremities etc. Results- Out of 604 RTA, 296 were involving males and 308 females. Age group 0-10 years had 12 males and 14 females, 10-20 years had 35 males and 48 females, 20-30 years had 110 males and 142 females, 30-40 years had 88 males and 75 females, 40-50 years had 30 males and 16 females and >50 years had 21 males and 13 females. The difference was significant (P< 0.05). Main vehicles involved in RTA was four wheelers (52%) followed by two wheelers (35%), heavy vehicles (10%) and three wheelers (3%). The difference was significant (P< 0.05). Out of total 882 injuries, 510 were on right side and 372 on left side. Most commonly involved region was extremities (302), upper limb (150), lower limb (162), maxillofacial (118), head//neck (90), chest (30), abdomen (22) and other (8). The difference was significant (P< 0.05). Conclusion- Over the past, there is increase in trend of RTA. Female predominance in this study was observed. Extremities were the most involved region and four wheelers were the commonly involved vehicle. Key words- Four wheelers, Maxillofacial, Road traffic accidents

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