• editor.ijchmr@yahoo.com
  • ISSN - 2457-0117
  • DOI: 10.21276/ijchmr
  • ICV 2015: 72.04

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International Journal Of Community Health And Medical Research (IJCHMR)

Volume 3 Issue 3 July - Sep 2017

Original Articles

Assessment Of Periodontal Health Of Abutment Teeth Supporting Removable Partial Dentures: A Retrospective Study
Ranjana Balla Roshika Sudan Himanshu Gupta

Background: RPD can increase the incidence of caries; damage the periodontium, relatively large amounts of plaque and the amount of stress on natural teeth. Aim: To assess the periodontal health of Abutment teeth supporting Removable Partial dentures. Materials and methods: The present study was conducted in the Department of prosthodontics of the dental institution. We selected patients that received RPD from the department of prosthodontics. The design of the denture and classification for ridge according to Kennedy’s classification (from Class I to Class IV) were recorded. For the assessment of the abutment teeth, we recorded plaque index; calculus index; bleeding on probing (BOP); probing depth (PD); gingival recession (GR); and tooth mobility (TM). Results: A total of 20 patients participated in the present study. 12 patients were male and 8 patients were females. The mean age of the patients was 52.23 years. Grade 0 mobility was present in majority of abutment teeth (n=27), out of which 19 teeth were with clasp retained RPDs and 6 teeth were with attachments. Gingival recession was present in 33 abutment teeth out of 45. 29 teeth were with clasp retained RPDs and 4 teeth with attachment RPDs. Conclusion: From the results of present study, we conclude that the periodontal health of clasp retained abutment teeth is more compromised as compared to attachment RPDs. The periodontal health can be maintained by adequate maintenance of oral and denture hygiene. Keywords: Periodontal Ligament, Gingival Recession, Mobility, Removable Partial Denture

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