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Harsukh Educational Charitable Society International Journal of Community Health and Medical Research

Volume 3 Issue 3 July - Sep 2017

Original Articles

A Mirror Reflection of Psychological Stress on Periodontal Status: A Clinicobiochemical Study
Deepinder Singh, Dipanshu Bakshi, Jasjit Sahota, Guneet Kaur, Ambika Thakur, Jasvir Singh

Background: Periodontitis is defined as infection and inflammation of the tissues that support the teeth. Greater number of evidence proposes that the psychosocial aspects such as stress, despair, depression, and extent of social support aggravate changes in host defense mechanisms that alter the disease process. Aims: This study is aimed to identify the correlation present between social stress, social support and periodontal health status of persons. Materials and Methods: A prospective cross-sectional study was done on 660 subjects (age range 20- 70 years) with complain of chronic periodontitis. Questionnaire was used as a primary tool for collection of data. Plaque index and clinical attachment level were used to assess the oral hygiene status and periodontal status. Results: Analysis of the collected data was done by using statistical software Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) version 17.0.A significant correlation was seen between psychological stress, unsecured job, economic problems and periodontitis. Conclusion: Stress is a significant risk factor for causing periodontal problems and has an aggravated effect in presence of plaque on the periodontal status. Through this study we recommend that patients who are suffering from stress should be given proper periodontal care to evade deterioration of periodontal disease. Keywords: Periodontitis, plaque, psychological stress

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